In the study, futurologist consultancy Department 22, food historian Dr Polly Russell and plant scientist James Wong explore what we will eat in 2025, 2050 and 2169.
Sainsbury’s head of quality and innovation Claire Hughes commented: “Sainsbury’s has been feeding the nation for 150 years, starting with butter, right through to the incredible array of products available today. We have a long history of innovation in food, and we look forward to continuing that over the next 150 years.
“We know that we have a role to play in expanding the nation’s diets – seen recently with our introduction of plant-based ranges – as the current foods we eat aren’t sustainable for a growing global population that will increase to 9 billion in 30 years, and over 11 billion in the next 150 years.
“By 2169, working alongside our suppliers and producers, we predict to have introduced foods like jellyfish and patch dinners to the British diet which are not even fathomable today.”
2025 – In five years…
1. Food as medicine
In five years, we could see health professionals prescribe dietary advice as preventative health. Bio-fortified foods such as Chestnut Super Mushrooms – which are boosted with Vitamin D and B12 – are already on the shelves of Sainsbury’s. Biofortification as a method is predicted to become widespread by 2025, at a time when nutrition could be a recognised tool used to proactively prevent chronic diseases.
- Planet-friendly food
Due to our rising eco-anxiety, health concerns and awareness of animal welfare, it’s likely that a quarter of Brits will be vegetarian in 2025 (compared with one in eight today) and half will identify as flexitarians (up from fifth today). Innovation within the plant-based realm will continue, with Banana Blossom regularly replacing the likes of cod.
- Algae milk lattes
The alternative proteins market is set to soar by 25%, with algae milk predicted to become the next plant-milk to take over from nut-based versions.
- Insect carbonara
Insects will finally shake their ‘ick’ factor and we’ll start stocking up on cricket flour for our bakes and grasshopper pasta for carbonara. Moringa, kedondong and the bambara groundnut will also be found in more of our larders, to tackle the issue that nearly two-thirds of our food currently comes from just four crops: wheat, maize, rice and soybean.
2050 – In 30 years…
- Jellyfish supper
Researchers have recently found that jellyfish makes for a nutritious snack. Full of vitamin B12, magnesium and iron, it’s also low in calories and can be turned into crunchy chips in just a few days. This may well become a popular staple in our diets, given the abundance of the species due to warmer oceans and reduced predators.
- Cultured meat
By 2050 we could start to see cultured meat shift from an expensive experiment to becoming more of an everyday item. Sainsbury’s could be selling home lab-grown meat kits which could be picked up from the ‘lab-grown’ aisle.
- Customised crops
In 2050 we could pick up a carrot from the shelf and know exactly when it was planted, when it was plucked from the ground (to the second) and even its individual taste profile. New technological systems such as blockchain, and a rising need for more personalised information, could allow for ‘ultra-customisation’ for consumers. We may well be selecting mangoes at the exact desired stage of ripeness, or even 3D printed snacks according to our exact spice tolerance.
2169 – In 150 years…
- Space farms
Barren landscapes such as parts of the desert could be transformed into sustainable, fertile farmland, thanks to food growing experiments and technologies used on other planets, such as Mars.
- Implant food deliveries
We could start to see personal microchip implants become the norm. Developed to store and analyse all the genetic, health and situational data recorded from our bodies, we’ll know exactly what we should be eating and drinking at any point. Grocery retailers could play a critical role, arranging automatic drone deliveries of the required food item or vitamin patch as soon as energy or nutrient levels dip.
- Patch dinners
Advances in artificial intelligence could mean we will have the option of consuming all the nutrients and vitamins we need through a patch or pill. With our bodies now taken care of, food will play the key role of bringing friends and families together.
Plant scientist James Wong said: “For decades, diets have been simplified to include core ingredients that provided sustenance – and with that, we have witnessed a decline in the varieties of some ingredients. However, what we are seeing now – especially with the explosion of plant-based foods – is that diversity in food is returning to the British diet, including ancient crops like quinoa and south-east Asian staples such as jackfruit. With that increasing variety in diets comes more understanding of where our food comes from and a deeper appreciation of food production.”
Food historian Dr Polly Russell added: “Throughout history, food trends have been determined by a complex range of economic, political, social and technological factors. Although in many ways how we shop, eat and cook looks radically different from 150 years ago, there are some things which will never change – food has always been an important part in bringing people together. So, even if we end up relying on patch or pill dinners for our physical health by 2169, food will still play a key part in our emotional, social and psychological wellbeing.”